To Mendelssohn, he was a composer of epic choral works. To Stravinsky he was a maste Bach was born in the Thuringian town of Eisenach into a family of church musicians. His early education included the study of rhetoric, which some modern scholars have suggested influenced his approach to musical form, and he learnt several instruments and studied composition.
Johann Sebastian Bach - Johann Sebastian Bach March 21, - July 28, is considered by many to have been the greatest composer in the history of western music. Bach's main achievement lies in his synthesis and advanced development of the primary contrapuntal idiom of the late Baroque, and in the basic tunefullness of his thematic material.
He was able to successfully integrate and expand upon the harmonic and formal frameworks of the national schools of the time: German, French, Italian and English, while retaining a personal identity and spirit in his large output.
Bach is also known for the numerical symbolism and mathematical exactitude which many people have found in his music — for this, he is often regarded as one of the pinnacle geniuses of western civilization, even by those who are not normally involved with music.
Bach spent the height of his working life in a Lutheran church position in Leipzig, as both organist and music director. Much of his music is overtly religious, while many of his secular works admit religious interpretations on some levels.
His large output of organ music is considered to be the greatest legacy of compositions for the instrument, and is the measure by which all later efforts are judged.
His other solo keyboard music is held in equally high esteem, especially for its exploration of the strictly contrapuntal fugue; his 48 Preludes and Fugues The Well-Tempered Clavier are still the primary means by which these forms are taught.
His other chamber music is similarly lofty, the sets for solo violin and solo cello being the summits of their respective genres.
Bach's large-scale sacred choral music is also unique in its scope and development, the Passions and B Minor Mass having led to the rediscovery of his music in the 19th century. His huge output of cantatas for all occasions is equally impressive.
His large output of concerti includes some of the finest examples of the period, including the ubiquitous Brandenberg Concertos. Bach came from a family with demonstrable musical talents documented at least as far back as the midth century: The Bach family's identification with music is unparalleled in Western music, as is the genius of Johann Sebastian.
He was the youngest child of Johann Ambrosius Bach and Elisabeth Lammerhirt ; by the age of ten, his father had died and many members of the household were dispersed to other more financially stable branches of the family. Bach himself together with his brother Jacob, moved from Eisenach to live with his eldest brother Johann Christoph in Ohrdruf.
Bach's musical education was aided by his lifelong passion for studying other composer's music in manuscript and drawing his own musical lessons from what he discovered.
This intense study eventually produced the young Bach's first efforts at composition, a set of variations; with his first organ appointment at Arnstadt's Bonifaciuskirche inhe wrote his first cantatas and a number of preludes and fugues.
These early works show him already in the possession of unusual melodic inventiveness within the strict forms he used. Church work was for Bach the ideal form of employment, for it combined his intense religiosity with the opportunity to create music for voice and organ in particular, the organ being his first and final fascination.
The visit was so rewarding to Bach that he overstayed his leave by two months. He was criticized by the church authorities not only for this breach of contract but also for the extravagant flourishes and strange harmonies in his organ accompaniments to congregational singing, and when his young cousin Maria Barbara later his wife was found to be singing in the church choir at Bach's behest, he found himself in further trouble.
He was already too highly respected, however, for either objection to result in his dismissal.
In October he and Maria Barbara were married; they had their first baby, a daughter, the following year. He began to travel throughout Germany as an organ virtuoso and as a consultant to organ builders.
His performance of these and other works earned him a reputation far beyond the environs of Weimar. His tasks became more specific including the monthly delivery of new cantatas and his duties more onerous. Bach felt his situation to be intolerable; he had now four children and was dissatisfied with his family's standard of living.Johann Sebastian Bach: The Learned Musician [Christoph Wolff] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in Biography, this landmark book was revised in to include new knowledge discovered after its initial publication. Although we have heard the music of J. S. Bach in countless performances and recordings.
Johann Sebastian Bach: Life and Work [Martin Geck, John Hargraves, Kurt Masur] on kaja-net.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Two hundred and fifty years after his death, Johann Sebastian Bach remains one of the most compelling figures in the history of classical music.
In this major study of the composer's life and work. Johann Sebastian Bach (March 21, - July 28, ) is considered by many to have been the greatest composer in the history of western music. See contact information and details about Bach - Composer. Jump to.
Johann Sebastian Bach and the great German composer's huge catalogue of works. The Bach Cantatas Website (BCW) is a comprehensive site covering all aspects of J.S. Bach's cantatas and his other vocal works and many of his instrumental works. Watch video · Learn more about the life and times of one of classical music's greatest composers, Johann Sebastian Bach, at kaja-net.com