An analysis of the cloning principle by ian wilmut

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An analysis of the cloning principle by ian wilmut

A cloned rabbit outside Moscow in a photo. Researchers who tried to use mouse, cow and rabbit eggs to make human clones said on Monday the effort failed to produce workable embryos but added that they showed human cloning should work in principle.

But using human cells did reprogram the egg cell or oocyte and activate the genes needed to make a viable embryo, Lanza and colleagues reported in the journal Cloning and Stem Cells.

Several teams have tried to make animal-human hybrids as a source of embryonic stem cells, the master cells of the body. Because human eggs are scarce — it requires a surgical procedure to get them from a woman — some scientists came up with the idea of using animal egg cells.

The cloning technique is called somatic cell nuclear transfer.

An analysis of the cloning principle by ian wilmut

The nucleus is removed from an egg cell and replaced with the nucleus from another type of cell from the donor animal or person who is to be cloned.

Done right, the process starts the egg growing and dividing as if it had been fertilized by a sperm, but the resulting embryo carries mostly the DNA of the donor. But teams that have tried to do this have always ended up with what looks like a cell dividing over and over to become an embryo, but which eventually fizzles out.

The cow and rabbit human hybrids went further, but stopped at the point when maternal DNA is supposed to kick in and turn the ball of cells into a proper embryo, Lanza said.

It appears that using the egg of another species turns off the genes needed to make an embryo instead of turning them on, he said. But the human-human clone did turn on the right genes, although it, too stopped dividing before it could produce stem cells, Lanza said.

Ian Wilmut of the University of Edinburgh, one of the scientists who cloned the first mammal, Dolly the sheep, and editor of the journal, called the results disappointing. This could include cloning humans, using a single cell from growing embryos used for fertility treatment, or a new method called induced pluripotent stem cells, made by taking a sample of skin and reprogramming the cells to act like embryonic stem cells, Lanza said.

Editing by Will Dunham and David Wiessler.An Analysis of the Misinformation in the Genetic Engineering Debate. 2, words. 11 pages. An Essay on Doctor of Physics. words. 3 pages. An Analysis of All Constraints Upon Cloning Should Be Life.

words. 3 pages. An Analysis of the Cloning Principle by Ian Wilmut.

An analysis of the cloning principle by ian wilmut

1, words. 6 pages. Dolly, the world’s most famous and controversial sheep, was born twenty years ago – on July 5, to be kaja-net.com was the first mammal . Whether the precautionary principle could be used as support, Article - Epigenetic argument against human reproductive cloning - A Nordgren Article - Epigenetic argument against human reproductive cloning - A Nordgren and whether it would support a permanent .

List of geneticists - Wikipedia

You have been told that you are unique. The belief that there is no one else like you in the whole world made you feel special and proud. This belief may not be true in the future. The world was stunned by the news in late February that a British embryologist named Ian Wilmut and his r.

Ian Wilmut and his colleagues attempted fusions between donor cells and unfertilized eggs. Only 29 of those fused cells became embryos and were introduced into (13) ewes. Of those 29, only one became pregnant and gave birth to Dolly. English inventions and discoveries are objects, processes or techniques invented, innovated or discovered, partially or entirely, in England by a person from England (that is, someone born in England – including to non-English parents – or born abroad with at least one English parent and who had the majority of their education or career in England).

List of geneticists - Wikipedia