Questions about being a Police Prosecutor Questions about being a Police Prosecutor Here you can find out about what the Police Prosecution Service does, and what qualifications you will need to join the team. What personal attributes do Prosecutors need? Prosecutors need to have exceptional judgement, good communication skills and be quick on the uptake. You will need to be able to balance many competing priorities and have confidence in public speaking.
Emergency vehicle equipment The police car on the left is fitted with a lightbar, making it instantly recognizable as a police vehicle. The one on the right, commonly known as a 'slicktop' in the US and Canada does not have a lightbar, making it less obvious, particularly when seen from the front e.
Police cars are usually passenger car models which are upgraded to the specifications required by the purchasing force.
Several vehicle manufacturers, such as FordGeneral Motors and Dodgeprovide a "police package" option, which is built to police specifications in the factory.
Police forces may add to these modifications by adding their own equipment and making their own modifications after purchasing a vehicle. This is usually accomplished by heavy duty suspensionbrakescalibrated speedometertiresalternatortransmissionand cooling systemsand also sometimes includes slight modifications to the car's stock engine or the installation of a more powerful engine than would be standard in that model.
It is also usual to upgrade the capacity of the electrical system of the car to accommodate the use of additional electronic equipment. Safety equipment[ edit ] Police vehicles are often outfitted with AEDs Automated external defibrillatorfirst aid kits, fire extinguishers, flares, life buoys, barrier tapes, etc.
Audible and visual warnings[ edit ] Police vehicles are often fitted with audible and visual warning systems to alert other motorists of their approach or position on the road.
In many countries, use of the audible and visual warnings affords the officer a degree of exemption from road traffic laws such as the right to exceed speed limits, or to treat red stop lights as a yield sign and may also suggest a duty on other motorists to move out of the direction of passage of the police car or face possible prosecution.
Visual warnings on a police car can be of two types: Passive visual warnings[ edit ] Passive visual warnings are the markings on the vehicle.
Police vehicle markings usually make use of bright colors or strong contrast with the base color of the Analyse the job of a police.
Modern police vehicles in some countries have retroreflective markings which reflect light for better visibility at night. Other police vehicles may only have painted on or non-reflective markings. Most marked police vehicles in the United Kingdom and Sweden have reflective Battenburg markings on the sides, which are large blue and yellow rectangles.
Another passive visual warning of police vehicles is simply the interceptor's silhouette. This is easily observed in the United States and Canada, where the ubiquitous nature of the Ford Crown Victoria in police fleets has made the model synonymous with police vehicles.
Police vehicle marking schemes usually include the word Police or similar phrase such as State Trooper or Highway Patrol or the force's crest.
Some police forces use unmarked vehicles, which do not have any passive visual warnings at all, and others called stealth cars have markings that are visible only at certain angles, such as from the rear or sides, making these cars appear unmarked when viewed from the front.
The active visual warnings are usually in the form of flashing colored lights also known as ' beacons ' or ' lightbars '. These flash in order to attract the attention of other road users as the police car approaches, or to provide warning to motorists approaching a stopped vehicle in a dangerous position on the road.
Common colours for police warning beacons are blue and red, however this often varies by force. Several types of flashing lights are used, such as rotating beaconshalogen lightsor light emitting diode strobes.
Some police forces also use arrow sticks to direct traffic, or message display boards to provide short messages or instructions to motorists. The headlights of some vehicles can be made to flashor small strobe lights can be fitted in the headlight, tail light and indicator lights of the vehicle.
Audible warnings[ edit ] In addition to visual warnings, most police cars are also fitted with audible warnings, sometimes known as sirenswhich can alert people and vehicles to the presence of an emergency vehicle before they can be seen.
The first audible warnings were mechanical bells, mounted to either the front or roof of the car. A later development was the rotating air sirenwhich made noise when air moved past it. Most modern vehicles are now fitted with electronic sirens, which can produce a range of different noises.
Police driving training often includes the use of different noises depending on traffic conditions and maneuver being performed.
In North America for instance, on a clear road, approaching a junction, the "wail" setting may be used, which gives a long up and down variation, with an unbroken tone, whereas, in heavy slow traffic, a "yelp" setting may be preferred, which is a sped up version of the "wail".
Some vehicles may also be fitted with airhorn audible warnings. Also in some European countries, where a hi-lo two tone siren is the only permitted siren for emergency vehicles, a "stadt" siren will be used in cities where it has loud echo that can be heard from blocks away to warn the traffic an emergency vehicle is coming, or a "land" siren will be used on highways to project its noise to the front to produce more penetration into the vehicles ahead to alert the drivers.
A development is the use of the RDSa system of car radioswhereby the vehicle can be fitted with a short range FM transmitter, set to RDS code 31, which interrupts the radio of all cars within range, in the manner of a traffic broadcast, but in such a way that the user of the receiving radio is unable to opt out of the message as with traffic broadcasts.
This feature is built into all RDS radios for use in national emergency broadcast systems, but short range units on emergency vehicles can prove an effective means of alerting traffic to their presence, although is not able to alert pedestrians, non-RDS radio users, or drivers with their radios turned off.
A new technology has been developed and is slowly becoming more popular with police. Called the Rumbler, it is a siren that emits a low frequency sound which can be felt.
Motorists that may have loud music playing in their car, for example, may not hear the audible siren of a police car behind them, but will feel the vibrations of the Rumbler. The feeling is that of standing next to a large speaker with pumped bass. Two-way radio Equipment consoles These are used to house two way radios, light switches, and siren switches.ENTRY-LEVEL UNIFORMED PATROL OFFICER JOB ANALYSIS Task Analysis.
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Once the sole domain of the police, the investigation and enforcement are now carried out by many other organisations, which means new career opportunities for retired and former police officers.