Here is an essay I wrote about the Crusades.
Those who joined the armed pilgrimage wore a cross as a symbol of the Church. The Crusades set the stage for several religious knightly military orders, including the Knights Templarthe Teutonic Knights, and the Hospitallers.
These groups defended the Holy Land and protected pilgrims traveling to and from the region. These groups departed for Byzantium in August In the first major clash between the Crusaders and Muslims, Turkish forces crushed the Crusades essay introduction Europeans at Cibotus.
Another group of Crusaders, led by the notorious Count Emicho, carried out a series of massacres of Jews in various towns in the Rhineland indrawing widespread outrage and causing a major crisis in Jewish-Christian relations.
When the four main armies of Crusaders arrived in ConstantinopleAlexius insisted that their leaders swear an oath of loyalty to him and recognize his authority over any land regained from the Turks, as well as any other territory they might conquer.
All but Bohemond resisted taking the oath. The city surrendered in late June. The Fall of Jerusalem Despite deteriorating relations between the Crusaders and Byzantine leaders, the combined force continued its march through Anatolia, capturing the great Syrian city of Antioch in June Second Crusade Having achieved their goal in an unexpectedly short period of time after the First Crusade, many of the Crusaders departed for home.
To govern the conquered territory, those who remained established four large western settlements, or Crusader states, in Jerusalem, Edessa, Antioch and Tripoli.
After Louis and Conrad managed to assemble their armies at Jerusalem, they decided to attack the Syrian stronghold of Damascus with an army of some 50, the largest Crusader force yet.
The combined Muslim forces dealt a humiliating defeat to the Crusaders, decisively ending the Second Crusade. Nur al-Din added Damascus to his expanding empire in InSaladin began a major campaign against the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem.
His troops virtually destroyed the Christian army at the battle of Hattin, taking back the important city along with a large amount of territory. From the recaptured city of Jaffa, Richard reestablished Christian control over some of the region and approached Jerusalem, though he refused to lay siege to the city.
In SeptemberRichard and Saladin signed a peace treaty that reestablished the Kingdom of Jerusalem though without the city of Jerusalem and ended the Third Crusade.
In response, the Crusaders declared war on Constantinople, and the Fourth Crusade ended with the devastating Fall of Constantinoplemarked by a bloody conquest, looting and near-destruction of the magnificent Byzantine capital later that year.
Final Crusades Throughout the remainder of the 13th century, a variety of Crusades aimed not so much to topple Muslim forces in the Holy Land but to combat any and all of those seen as enemies of the Christian faith.
The Albigensian Crusade aimed to root out the heretical Cathari or Albigensian sect of Christianity in France, while the Baltic Crusades sought to subdue pagans in Transylvania. The movement never reached the Holy Land.
The peace treaty expired a decade later, and Muslims easily regained control of Jerusalem. This battle, known as the Seventh Crusade, was a failure for Louis.
The Mamluks As the Crusaders struggled, a new dynasty, known as the Mamluks, descended from former slaves of the Islamic Empire, took power in Egypt.
Under the ruthless Sultan Baybars, the Mamluks demolished Antioch in In response, Louis organized the Eighth Crusade in The Crusades Essay Conflict Process Analysis Introduction My thesis is a story of a dispute about a mobile phone and phone expenses between Telecommunication The Crusades were military expeditions by the Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the holy places of Palestine from the hands of the Mohammedans.
- Later Crusades Essay. After the first Christian Crusade that begun in there were eight classified crusades that generally aimed towards the area of Sirya and Palestne that lasted untill the ’s.
The Crusades were military excursions made by Western European Christians during the late eleventh century through the late thirteenth century. The proclaimed purpose of the Crusades, which were.
Essay: The Crusades As I started to read different articles; I wondered what the difference was between a crusade and a crusader. I found out that the medieval crusade was a holy war, and for it to be an officially crusade, it had to be ordered by the pope against groups of people that hated Christendom.
Essay on Impact of the Crusades; Essay on Impact of the Crusades. Words Jul 11th, 3 Pages. Show More. Jaida Rodgers History A Impact of the Crusades The Crusades were a very important part of history.
It has been said that The Crusades are what started the beginning of modernization. Impact of the Crusades Essay.
How . Crusades Essay; Crusades Essay. Essay about The Crusades. Words | 9 Pages World History Essay:Crusades Pope Urban II proclaimed the First Crusade to end violence within the Church and assure power in the Holy Lands. Once Islam became powerful, Muslims invaded these lands and took over the Byzantine Empire.