The beginning sets the agenda, the tone, and the standard. Throughout classical antiquity, there was considerable interest in stories about beginnings, especially in those about the origins of cities, states, and peoples. Foundation myths were told across the ancient world in many different forms and through many different media.
Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci Galleria BorgheseRome. The Aeneid was written under Augustuswho claimed ancestry through Julius Caesar from the hero and his mother Venus. According to the Aeneid, the survivors from the fallen city of Troy banded together under Aeneas and underwent a series of adventures around the Mediterranean Seaincluding a stop at newly founded Carthage under the rule of Queen Didoeventually reaching the Italian coast.
The Trojans were thought to have landed in an area between modern Anzio and Fiumicinosouthwest of Rome, probably at Laurentum or, in other versions, at Laviniuma place named for Laviniathe daughter of King Latinus whom Aeneas married. This started a series of armed conflicts with Turnus over the marriage of Lavinia.
The young son of Aeneas Ascaniusalso known as Iulus, went on to found Alba Longa and the line of Alban kings who filled the chronological gap between the Trojan saga and the traditional founding of Rome in the 8th century BC.
Toward the end of this line, King Procas was the father of Numitor and Amulius. Romulus and Remus[ edit ] Main article: Romulus The myth of Aeneas was of Greek origin and had to be reconciled with the Italian myth of Romulus and Remus, who would have been born around BC if taken as historical figures.
They were purported to be sons of Rhea Silvia and either Marsthe god of war, or the demi-god hero Hercules. The twins were abandoned on the river Tiber by servants who took pity on the infants, despite their orders.
The twins were nurtured by a she-wolf until a shepherd named Faustulus found the boys and took them as his sons. Faustulus and his wife Acca Larentia raised the children. When Remus and Romulus became adults, they killed Amulius and restored Numitor.
They decided to establish a city; however, they quarreled, and Romulus killed his brother. Other myths[ edit ] Another story told how Romos, a son of Odysseus and Circe, was the one who founded Rome.
Nilsson speculates that this older story was becoming a bit embarrassing as Rome became more powerful and tensions with the Greeks grew. Being descendants of the Greeks was no longer preferable, so the Romans settled on the Trojan foundation myth instead.
Nilsson further speculates that the name of Romos was changed by the Romans to the native name Romulus, but the name Romos later changed to the native Remus was never forgotten by the people, and so these two names came to stand side by side as founders of the city.
April 21, the day of the festival sacred to Palesgoddess of shepherds, on which date they celebrated the Par ilia or Palilia. However they did not know, or they were uncertain of, the exact year the city had been founded; this is one reason they preferred to date their years by the presiding consuls rather than using the formula A.
Several dates had been proposed by ancient authorities, and Dionysius of Halicarnassus records these: The most familiar date given for the foundation of Rome, BC, was derived by the Roman antiquarian Titus Pomponius Atticusand adopted by Marcus Terentius Varrohaving become part of what has come to be known as the Varronian chronology.
According to the legend, Romulus plowed a furrow sulcus around the hill in order to mark the boundary of his new city. The name of Rome[ edit ] Further information: Between the end of the Bronze Age and the beginning of the Iron ageeach hill between the sea and the Capitol was topped by a village on the Capitol Hill, a village is attested since the end of the 14th century BC.
The area around the Tiber was particularly advantageous and offered notable strategic resources: This position would also have enabled the Latins to control the river and the commercial and military traffic on it from the natural observation point at Isola Tiberina.
Moreover, road traffic could be controlled, since Rome was at the intersection of the principal roads to the sea coming from Sabinum in the northeast and Etruria to the northwest. There is a wide consensus that the city developed gradually through the aggregation "synoecism" of several villages around the largest one on the Palatine.1 Origin and Foundation Myths of Rome as presented in Vergil, Ovid and Livy Mary Ann T.
Natunewicz INTRODUCTION This unit is part of a two-semester course in a third or fourth-year Latin curriculum. May 31, · According to tradition, on April 21, B.C., Romulus and his twin brother, Remus, found Rome on the site where they were suckled by a she-wolf as .
Figuring Rome's Foundation on the Iliac Tablets —Michael Squire Chapter 7. Beyond Greece and Rome: Foundation Myths on Tyrian Coinage in the Third Century ad there is new scope for interpreting the plurality and diversity of classical foundation myths.
Approaching Foundation Discourses. Rome was founded April 21st, BCE. The Romulus and Remus story is an important foundation myth for Rome.
Romulus and Remus . Tales of Rome focused on the legend of Rome foundation, the Roman monarchy and early Republican legends. Rome was a city on the south-east bank of the Tiber River, in the region called Latium. Roma was often called Roma, which is the proper name for the city.
Actually, the Romulus and Remus myth originated sometime in the fourth century B.C., and the exact date of Rome’s founding was set by the Roman scholar Marcus Terentius Varro in the first.