Internet development

In fact, the Web—now considered to be a major driver of the way society accesses and views information—is the result of numerous projects in computer networking, mostly funded by the federal government, carried out over the last 40 years.

Internet development

In fact, the Web—now considered to be a major driver of the way society accesses and views information—is the result of numerous projects in computer networking, mostly funded by the federal government, carried out over the last 40 years.

The projects produced communications protocols that define the format of network messages, prototype networks, and application programs such as browsers. This chapter traces the development of the Internet, 1 one aspect of the broader field of data networking. The chapter is not intended to be comprehensive; rather, it focuses on the federal role in both funding research and supporting the deployment of networking infrastructure.

This history is divided into four distinct periods. Beforeindividual researchers developed the underlying technologies, including queuing theory, packet switching, and routing. These networks were primarily research tools, not service providers.

Most were federally funded, because, with a few exceptions, industry had not yet realized the potential of the technology. During the s, networks were widely deployed, initially to support scientific research.

As their potential to improve personal communications and collaboration Internet development apparent, additional academic Internet development and industry began to use the technol- Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: Government Support for Computing Research.

The Main Stages of the Development of the Internet |

The National Academies Press. Most recently, in the early s, the invention of the Web made it much easier for users to publish and access information, thereby setting off the rapid growth of the Internet. The final section of the chapter summarizes the lessons to be learned from history.

By focusing on the Internet, this chapter does not address the full scope of computer networking activities that were under way between and It specifically ignores other networking activities of a more proprietary nature.

These were proprietary systems that, for the most part, owed little to academic research, and indeed were to a large extent invisible to the academic computer networking community. The success of such networks in many ways limited the interest of companies like IBM and Compuserve in the Internet.

The success of the Internet can therefore, in many ways, be seen as the success of an open system and open architecture in the face of proprietary competition.

At this time, computers were becoming increasingly powerful, and a number of scientists were beginning to consider applications that went far beyond simple numerical calculation.

Perhaps the most compelling early description of these opportunities was presented by J. Lickliderwho argued that, within a few years, computers would become sufficiently powerful to cooperate with humans in solving scientific and technical problems. Licklider remained at ARPA until and returned for a second tour inand he convinced his successors, Ivan Sutherland and Robert Taylor, of the importance of attacking difficult, long-term problems.

Internet development

Page Share Cite Suggested Citation: He proposed a networking experiment in which users at one site accessed computers at another site, and he co-authored, with Licklider, a paper describing both how this might be done and some of the potential consequences Licklider and Taylor, As a result of these efforts, ARPA became the primary supporter of projects in networking during this period.

The IPTO program managers, typically recruited from academia for 2-year tours, had considerable latitude in defining projects and identifying academic and industrial groups to carry them out.

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Internet Development Technologies Certificate and Degree Options El Centro College Internet Development Technologies is a program unique to El Centro College among the colleges of DCCCD. The history of the Internet begins with the development of electronic computers in the s.

Initial concepts of wide area networking originated in several computer science laboratories in the United States, United Kingdom, and France.

The Internet represents one of the most successful examples of the benefits of sustained investment and commitment to research and development of information infrastructure. Beginning with the early research in packet switching, the government, industry and academia have been partners in evolving and deploying this exciting new technology.

Development of the Internet and the World Wide Web The recent growth of the Internet and the World Wide Web makes it appear that the world is witnessing the arrival of a completely new technology. Brief History of the Internet. In this paper, 3 several of us involved in the development and evolution of the Internet share our views of its origins and history.

This history revolves around four distinct aspects. There is the technological evolution that began with early research on packet switching and the ARPANET (and related.

Internet development
Brief History of the Internet | Internet Society