Outline and evaluate explanations of institutional aggression

Examples of these mechanism are prisons, hospitals, schools and psychiatric hospitals where large numbers are brought together and their behaviour is governed by a set of rules. Some psychologists believe that aggression within institutions occur as a result of the social context influencing their behaviour and willingness to inflict harm rather than the individual themselves. In this experiment a sample of 24 male participants was used and each participant was given a full physical and mental evaluation to ensure full health.

Outline and evaluate explanations of institutional aggression

Examples of these mechanism are prisons, hospitals, schools and psychiatric hospitals where large numbers are brought together and their behaviour is governed by a set of rules. Some psychologists believe that aggression within institutions occur as a result of the social context influencing their behaviour and willingness to inflict harm rather than the individual themselves.

In this experiment a sample of 24 male participants was used and each participant was given a full physical and mental evaluation to ensure full health. Participants were then randomly allocated into roles as guards or prisoners.

As the participants started to get into their roles the guards became more and more controlling. Guard Hellman was found to be one of the most aggressive officers. Before Hellman had entered the experiment he had described himself as someone who loves all people.

Zimbardo concluded that it was the 'situation' that had made Hellman behave the way he did. This research supports the situational explanation of aggression because it emphasises how people will act aggressively when they are in a certain situation.

Outline and evaluate explanations of institutional aggression

Paterline and Peterson put forward that the stressful conditions of the institution overcrowding, unexperienced staff leads to the institutional aggression that Zimbardo found in his experiment.

The deprivation model suggests that this factor is the main cause of institutional aggression, with a focus lack of the needs and basic materials of the people in these establishments being severely deprived i. These deprivations cause stress and frustration in prisoners and aggression is a response to release this stress.

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Moreover, this aggression also enables a prisoner to gain control over the oppressive social order imposed upon them.

McCorkle et al conducted a large-scale study of more than US state prisons to investigate the effects of environmental influences of inmate violence rates.

The variables they measured were crowding, security level, officer-to-inmate ratio, program involvement, size of institution and unemployment rate of the local area around the establishment.

McCorkle found that the white-black guard ratio were positively correlated to assault rates, suggesting that institutional violence is partly a racial issue and not deprivation. The study also found that poor prison management led to individual acts of violence, proving the deprivation model- with aggression being implemented when the prisoners are denied a stress-free experience- and that the removing of privileges triggered outbursts of individual violence.

The importation model of institutional aggression considers both the underlying personality of the individuals within an institution as well as their pre-prison environment, however the deprivation model only considers the environment an individual finds themselves in. Institutional aggression AO1 Outline and Evaluate explanations of Institutional Aggression. Institutional Aggression can be defined as aggressive behaviour that occurs within an institution and is motivated by social forces, rather than anger or frustration. An institution usually refers to an organisation or place of confinement with its. Institutional aggression is a form of aggression which is present in institutions such as the police, armed forces and security services, as well as criminal and terrorist groups (i.e. those who are bound together by a common purpose to be aggressive).

The more prisoners were involved with education and skills programmes, the more the decrease in institutional violence suggesting that the more prisoners were given things the less they were deprived and prone to violence.

Interestingly though, overcrowding did not influence inmate-on-inmate assault rates disproving the deprivation model and showing the study to lack internal validity.

A and may not reflect prison environments from around the rest of the world. It is also supposedly androcentric, with female prisons not being mentioned and again, making it hard to generalise. The deprivation model has much research support.

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Wilson studied Prison Woodhill in the early 90s and changed the environment, making it less claustrophobic, played radio sound to mask the prison sounds and reduced the too-hot temperature.

These changes virtually eradicated assaults on prison staff and inmates, proving that small considerations and amendments on basic deprivations can improve violence rates.Outline and Evaluate explanations of Institutional Aggression.

Institutional Aggression can be defined as aggressive behaviour that occurs within an institution and is motivated by social forces, rather than anger or frustration. This is a broad question which can be answered using explanations, research, or a combination of both.

There is, however, a requirement to discus more than one explanation.

Outline and evaluate explanations of institutional aggression

Institutional aggression refers to aggression within or between groups or institutions (e.g. armed forces, prisons). ´╗┐Outline and evaluate explanations of institutional aggression (25) marks Institutional aggression is described as aggression that occurs and becomes the norm in any form of institution.

Examples of institutions are schools, offices, hospitals, offices, prisons, police forces, military and terrorist groups. A lot of research into institutional aggression has focused on aggressive behaviour in prisons, and has led to the development of two theories: the importation model and the deprivation model.

The importation model (Irwin and Cressey, ) This explanation focuses on the personality characteristics that prison inmates take into the prison with them. ´╗┐Outline and evaluate explanations of institutional aggression (25) marks Institutional aggression is described as aggression that occurs and becomes the norm in any form of institution.

Examples of institutions are schools, offices, hospitals, offices, prisons, police forces, military and terrorist groups. Outline and Evaluate explanations of Institutional Aggression. Institutional Aggression can be defined as aggressive behaviour that occurs within an institution and is .

Revision Blog: 24/24 Outline and Evaluate Research into Institutional Aggression